Rediscovering Holy Thursday: History, Significance, and Modern Observance!

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  • Post last modified:February 1, 2024
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Holy Thursday is also known as Maundy Thursday. It is a pivotal day in the Christian calendar, leading into the solemnity and celebration of Easter.

This day commemorates the Last Supper that Jesus Christ had with his twelve Apostles. The Roman Catholic Church (RCC) will say that it also marks the initiation of the Eucharist, a central element in Roman Catholicism.

However, understanding what happens on Holy Thursday, its meaning, and the traditions associated with this day can enrich our appreciation of its significance.

What Is Holy Thursday In The Bible?

What Is The Holy Thursday In The Bible?

Holy Thursday, is a significant event in Christianity and it’s only mentioned in the New Testament.

It commemorates the Last Supper of Jesus Christ with his Apostles, which took place on the night before his crucifixion.

This event is described in the Synoptic Gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke) and referenced in the Gospel of John.

  1. The Last Supper (Matthew 26:17-30; Mark 14:12-26; Luke 22:7-38): The Last Supper is the final meal that Jesus shared with his twelve Apostles. During this meal, Jesus established the sacrament of Holy Communion. He broke bread and shared wine with his disciples, symbolizing his body and blood, respectively, and instructed them to “do this in remembrance of me.” They say, this act is considered the foundation of the Eucharist in the RCC. But is it?
  2. Washing of the Disciples’ Feet (John 13:1-17): The Gospel of John narrates an event where Jesus washes the feet of his disciples, an act of humility and service. This episode highlights the importance of serving others and is commemorated in many Christian denominations on Holy Thursday with foot-washing ceremonies.
  3. Jesus’ Prediction of His Betrayal and Peter’s Denial (Matthew 26:21-25; Mark 14:18-21; Luke 22:21-23; John 13:21-30): During the Last Supper, Jesus predicts that one of his disciples will betray him and that Peter will deny him three times before the rooster crows. These events set the stage for the subsequent crucifixion of Jesus.
  4. The New Commandment (John 13:34-35): Jesus gives his disciples a new commandment: “Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another.” This commandment emphasizes the importance of love and is a key part of Holy Thursday’s significance.

Holy Thursday marks the beginning of the Paschal Triduum. This is a three-day period leading up to Easter Sunday, which also includes Good Friday and Holy Saturday.

It is a time of deep reflection and solemnity in the Christian faith, focusing on the themes of sacrifice, love, and redemption as demonstrated by Jesus Christ.

What Is The Meaning of Holy Thursday Week?

The meaning of Holy Thursday lies in its representation of love, humility, and sacrifice.

At the Last Supper, Jesus offered a new commandment to his disciples: to love one another as he loved them.

This commandment is at the heart of the day’s significance, reflecting the essence of Christian teaching and the example set by Christ.

The institution of the Eucharist during the Last Supper is another core element of Holy Thursday.

For Christians, the Eucharist is not only a reminder of Jesus’ sacrifice but also a profound expression of the spiritual nourishment and communal unity provided through Christ.

The washing of the feet, meanwhile, is a lesson in humility and service.

By washing his disciples’ feet, a task typically performed by servants, Jesus demonstrated the kind of humble service and love he expected of his followers.

Traditions and Observances on Holy Thursday

Traditionally, Holy Thursday is a day of somber reflection and preparation for Good Friday and Easter events.

In many Christian denominations, it is customary to hold a special service or Mass on this day, often incorporating the washing of feet and the celebration of the Last Supper.

In terms of what not to do on Holy Thursday, the observances vary between different Christian traditions.

Some common practices include:

  • Fasting and Abstinence: Many Christians choose to fast or abstain from certain luxuries on Holy Thursday as a form of penance and spiritual preparation.
  • Refraining from Excessive Celebration: Given the solemn nature of the day, it is customary to avoid excessive celebration or festivity.
  • Silence and Reflection: Many believers observe periods of silence, especially after the evening Mass, to reflect on the passion and sacrifice of Christ.

Modern Observance of Holy Thursday

In contemporary times, Holy Thursday continues to be a day of deep spiritual significance.

Churches around the world hold special services, and many Christians engage in personal reflection, community service, and acts of charity.

This day serves as a reminder of the values of love, service, and sacrifice, which are central to the Christian faith.

In a modern context, Holy Thursday can also be a time for Christians to engage with their communities, offering services to the needy, and reflecting on the broader implications of Christ’s teachings in today’s world.


Rediscovering Holy Thursday involves delving into its rich history, understanding its profound spiritual significance, and observing its traditions with reverence and reflection.

This day offers a moment to pause and contemplate the foundational aspects of the Christian faith – love, service, and sacrifice – and how these can be embodied in our daily lives.

As we move from Holy Thursday into the solemnity of Good Friday and the joy of Easter, we carry with us the lessons and reflections of this holy day.